Heroin is produced by extracting opium from the latex drained from the poppy seed heads of Papaver Somniferum. Opium contains a group of chemicals known as opiate alkaloids including morphine. A process of acetylation converts morphine into diacetylmorphine. When produced illicitly the drug is called heroin, the medical name for this strong painkiller is diamorphine.
Heroin is used as a recreational drug for the intense euphoria it induces, however tolerance develops quickly, and increased doses are needed in order to achieve the same effects.
Heroin usually comes as an off white or brown powder. Heroin can be dissolved, diluted, and injected into veins, muscles, or under the skin. Smoking the drug involves heating up the powder on some foil, and then inhaling the fumes through a small tube.